UN-Sahara: Köhler’s second briefing before Security Council Wednesday

UN Secretary General’s Personal Envoy for the Sahara Horst Köhler will brief the Security Council this Wednesday on the results of his latest tour of the North African region.

The aim of Köhler’s trip June 23 to July 1, 2018, in Algeria, Mauritania and Morocco and a stopover in Rabouni in the Tindouf camps, was to canvass all parties to the conflict and assess their willingness to comply with the recommendations on Western Sahara made by the Security Council in resolution 2414 of April 2018.

On Wednesday, former German President Horst Köhler will brief the 15 members of the Security Council on the results of his contacts and the predisposition of each of the parties to the conflict to cooperate with the UN for the resolution of this issue.

In resolution 2414, the UN executive body stressed the urgent need to achieve a just, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution, excluding definitively from its agenda, the unrealistic option of a self-determination referendum claimed by the Polisario and its mentor, Algeria.

Moreover, the Security Council has urged the neighboring countries, particularly Algeria, whose bias in this conflict is so evident and who holds the key to the settlement of this territorial dispute, “to cooperate more fully with the United Nations and with each other and to strengthen their involvement and to achieve progress towards a political solution”.

As a reminder, the United States, penholder of the said resolution, had reiterated, shortly before Köhler’s tour, its support for the Moroccan autonomy plan for the Sahara, describing it once again as “serious, credible and realistic”.

In a comment on a meeting in Rabat last June between U.S. Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan and Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita, the State Department said in a statement that “we maintain that the Autonomy Plan is serious, credible and realistic, and represents a bold approach to finding a definitive settlement to the Sahara issue.”

The State Department said the Moroccan autonomy plan could meet the expectations of the Sahara populations to manage their own affairs in peace and dignity.

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